Research has shown that youth who have either perpetrated, observed, or been direct victims of violence have a significantly higher risk for various physical and mental health maladies. That said, CHAS Committee Member and SSA Interim Dean Deborah Gorman-Smith claims that youth violence is not inevitable, but rather,¬†preventable. In a 2015 CDC Grand Rounds, Gorman-Smith and several co-authors reviewed current evidence-based youth violence prevention models, identified challenges for implementation, and concluded that: “Public health professionals have a clear responsibility to help reduce the health burden of youth violence.”